Are You Eligible for Health Insurance Tax Credits?

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) can save your small business money through its tax credits.

If your small business has employees, you’ve undoubtedly been paying attention to the news coming out of Washington, D.C., about the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This law was designed to be implemented in waves, rather than all at once, and there have been major changes since it was passed and signed.

TaxPlan1114image1_zps412b19e3Some elements of the ACA have already been incorporated into the health care industry. One of these benefits is a tax credit for the health insurance costs you pay for your employees. For the years 2010-2013, small businesses could take a tax credit of 35 percent of the premiums paid for health insurance.  Small tax-exempt businesses got a credit of 25 percent.

Starting in 2014, small business owners can take a tax credit up to 50 percent of the premiums they paid for health insurance. Tax-exempt small business owners’ credit will be 35 percent. This credit can be claimed for two consecutive tax years.

To be eligible for this credit, you will have to meet the following requirements:

  • You must pay at least 50 percent of the cost of employee-onlyTaxPlan1114image2_zps1cde9694 health care coverage for each of your employees.
  • You must also have fewer than 25 full-time equivalent employees. This means the average number of hours worked by your employees is greater than or equal to 40 hours a week.
  • The average wage of the employees covered must be less than $50,000 per year. This amount will be adjusted for inflation every year.
  • You will have had to pay premiums on behalf of your employees who are enrolled in a qualified health plan offered through a Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) Marketplace. However, if you qualify for an exception to the requirement to buy health insurance through a SHOP Marketplace, you can still take this credit.

This credit is refundable.  This means that if you are a small business employer and did not owe tax during the year, you can get a refund on your return, which can be carried back or forward to other tax years. In addition, if you are an eligible small business, you can claim a business expense deduction for the premiums that are in excess of the credit.

In other words, not only do you get to take a credit for these costs, but you can also take a deduction for employee premium payments.

However, keep in mind that you are eligible to receive the credit and have it be refundable as long as it does not exceed your income tax withholding and Medicare tax liability. Further, if you are a small tax-exempt employer, any refund payments you receive are subject to sequestration.

If you’ve been working with us on tax planning for next year’s filing, you probably know all of this. If not, we encourage you to make an appointment to talk with us about your ACA-related issues – or any other tax questions you may have.

If you need additional information, please visit www.bmcgiverncpa.com.

 

About Brenda J. McGivern, CPA

Brenda McGivern started her own certified public accounting and management consulting firm in October 2001. The full service CPA firm provides tax and accounting solutions to meet the needs of today's small business and individual. Brenda McGivern has become a trusted advisor and valuable resource her clients rely on for timely, accurate assistance when they need it. Before starting the firm, she worked as an accountant for three years at a local firm and prior to that five years at a large international CPA firm in Boston. She has performed the following tax services: federal, state and local tax planning, international tax planning, estate and succession planning, mergers and acquisitions, capital retention and IRS representation. She has also coordinated assurance engagements, such as financial statement audits, reviews and compilations from the planning phase through the reporting phase. She has prepared and reviewed regulatory filings for numerous regulatory agencies including the Security and Exchange Commission. Prior to these positions she was selected from over 2,000 candidates into an eight-person intensive financial management program at an international technology company. The program consisted of graduate level classroom study and two six-month rotational assignments in financial operations. She graduated cum laude from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and holds a Bachelors Degree in Business Administration with a concentration in accounting. McGivern also holds a license in Massachusetts as a Certified Public Accountant and is a member of the American Society of Certified Public Accountants and the Massachusetts Society of Certified Public Accountants. She resides in Stoughton, Massachusetts with her husband Brian, and their sons Sean, Ryan and Conor and their dog, Davis.
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